Farming Magazine - June, 2009
Clearing the Way
Farm trails and your woodlot
It is astounding how
similar cleaning a workbench is to building trails around a farm or through
- It is less work that you thought it would be.
- You can find things or places that you forgot or
didn’t know you had.
- Time is saved once the project is completed.
- A cool day with a slight wind is a good day to do
|Photos by Harry Chandler Unless Otherwise Noted.
|Woods trails take more work because they are usually meandering and circuitous.
|Our trails are built in part to show the
uninitiated the interior of the forest.
If the workbench and area around the workbench is
cleaned, it is quite possible all the tools for building a trail will be
found. The necessary items for building a farm trail: axe and brush axe,
pruning saw or small chain saw, rake and hoe, and possibly a pry bar to
move rocks. A series of trails through a forest or around a small farm
enables a farmer or forestland owner to travel from point A to point B and
any other points that are usually traveled with the greatest ease and the
least amount of time.
As I started this article, I also started clearing out
the area directly between our garden and our work shop, tool shed and
storage area. My visualization of a path through this area required
manually moving some rocks and clearing a lot of brush. No big deal, but
one thing led to another and I ended up clearing a half-acre that will now
be landscaped into perennials. I worked at this for about 10 hours. The
result is this area is no longer referred to as “the family toxic
waste dump,” and we now have a direct trail between the barn and the
garden. The walk to the garden was 96 yards, one way; now it is 54 yards
down a sloped trail to the garden, which make a big difference if carrying
tools or pushing a wheelbarrow.
Woods trails take more work because they are not just
a trail between two points like barn to garden. Usually, woods trails are
meandering and circuitous. Our trails are built in part to show the
uninitiated the interior of the forest while ostensibly only using the
trail to go from our house to a particular place in the forest. Many
forestland owners take great pride in their forests, and there is usually
something about the flora and fauna worth showing visitors. We use some
wood trails for convenience and also have several trails that sometimes
parallel each other so we can walk through a woodlot to see our forest from
a different perspective.
Because I have participated in most of our recent
logging jobs, I have had some input into where the skid roads have been
placed and that helped me augment our trail system. The first trail to be
accomplished this year was the barn to the garden. The second trail is
going from the house to one of our woods roads. The distance is estimated
to be about 300 yards.
|Forestland owners take great pride in their
forests, trails make it easier to show off
the forest to visitors.
We walked the prospective trail recently flagging it,
and then walked back on the flags to see how we could improve the trail. At
the start of the trail the woods were quite open with fast-growing conifers
that had grown in what had been a hayfield over a half century ago. Then, the woods changed almost completely to a
forest of maples, larch, birch and aspen. It too had gone through the
primary stages of a forest growing on an old hayfield. Then I found a mixed
section of old forest that was missed by any harvests. Not many trees, but
a couple of really pretty acres that just never got cut.
We will go back and clear the trail with a chain saw
to prune the trailside trees. Maybe later I’ll take a pole pruner to
do some forest improvement. This is going to be one of the easiest trails
through an attractive 5 acres section of woods that we probably
wouldn’t have noticed otherwise.
The author has been a professional grower of vegetable
and flowering plants for more than 20 years; was executive director of
Vermont Woodlands Association (VWA) for 5 years and was awarded life
membership; wrote a column for American Tree Farmer for 5 years; and did
radio commentary for 6 years on several stations, titled “Woodlands,
Wetlands and Wildlife.” He has also grown Christmas trees, is a tree
warden and has produced articles for various Tree Warden Newsletters. He
and his wife Judy live in Vermont on their forested property, which has
been in the family for over 100 years.